This standard specifically refers to the clinical supervision of support personnel, speech-language pathology and audiology students in training, and/or speech-language pathologists and audiologists who require a period of supervised practice to meet a condition on their practice permit. Support personnel, students, or speech-language pathologists and audiologists requiring supervised practice are named as appropriate in each indicator, and the term “supervisees” is used when an indicator addresses all three of these groups.
A regulated member of ACSLPA is responsible and accountable for quality services delivered by personnel under their direction and supervision (i.e., support personnel, speech-language pathology and audiology students in training, and speech-language pathologists and audiologists who require a period of supervised practice to meet a condition on their practice permit).
To demonstrate this standard, the regulated member will:
a) Provide pertinent information to the client regarding the supervisee’s role and responsibilities and obtain client’s informed consent to receive services
from the supervisee.
b) Provide adequate on-the-job training and orientation to supervisees as it relates to the clinical and employment context.
c) Optimize both client safety and outcomes by considering the following when assigning clinical activities to supervisees:
- the competence and scope of practice of the supervisee,
- resources available to provide guidance, as required (e.g., policies, procedures, availability of senior staff to answer questions),
- the client’s individual needs, and
- factors unique to the practice environment.
d) Except in accordance with indicator e), not assign activities to support personnel that involve clinical interpretation. Activities that involve clinical interpretation
include the following:
- Interpretation of assessment findings,
- Initial discussion of clinical findings, treatment rationale, or prognosis with clients,
- Determination of treatment goals and procedures, including the independent planning, development, or modification of treatment plans,
- Completion and sign-off on formal clinical reports,
- Selection of clients for referral to other professionals or agencies,
- Discharging clients from service, and
- Approval of clinical content in public education material.
e) Provide a clearly documented algorithm, flowchart, or protocol to be used by support personnel when activities that have a component of clinical interpretation are assigned to them. The regulated member will only develop algorithms, flowcharts, or protocols for use by support personnel when risk to clients regarding a particular activity has been adequately assessed and it has been determined that the risk can be adequately managed through use of a documented decision-making tool. The regulated member will instruct support personnel on the use of flowchart, algorithm, or protocol and will monitor their competence.
f) Comply with applicable legislation and standards of practice regarding assignment and supervision of restricted activities to supervisees.
g) Determine the amount of both direct and/or indirect supervision that is required for supervisees under one’s direction and supervision. The regulated member should have sound rationale to support these decisions and should be able to articulate this rationale as required.
h) Monitor the services provided by supervisees on a regular, consistent basis, including client outcomes, modifying and/or reassigning service delivery as determined by clients’ needs.
i) Be available for consultation through some mode of communication and develop a plan for when immediate consultation is required but cannot be obtained (e.g., the plan might include speaking to another regulated member to obtain direction, ceasing the activity, changing activities).
j) Inform employers and clients within a reasonable timeframe of the need to discontinue services provided by the supervisee when the speech-language pathologist/audiologist is not available to provide required supervision and a coverage plan or replacement supervisor is not available (e.g., extended absence, resignation).
k) Maintains responsibility and accountability for supervisees and for the support personnel to whom the supervisees assign activities.
l) Inform the appropriate employer/manager/agency if there are supervisee performance or safety concerns.
m) Refrain from entering into an employment agreement whereby they clinically supervise the person who employs them (whether in a paid or volunteer capacity).
Speech-language and audiology services are delivered in a safe and competent manner by supervisees whose activities are assigned, monitored, and evaluated by a regulated ACSLPA member. Clients are informed of the roles and responsibilities of the personnel providing them with speech-language and audiology services.
All ACSLPA documents and relevant Alberta Government legislation can be accessed from the ACSLPA website at www.acslpa.ca.
- ACSLPA. (2017). Code of Ethics. Edmonton: Author.
- ACSLPA. (2021). Clinical Documentation and Record Keeping Guideline. Edmonton: Author.
- ACSLPA. (2021). Speech-Language Pathologists’ and Audiologists’ Guideline for Working with Support Personnel. Edmonton: Author.
- CAASPR. (2018). Practice Competencies for Speech-Language Pathologists in Canada. Ottawa: Author.
- CAASPR. (2018). Practice Competencies for Audiologists in Canada. Ottawa: Author.
- Government of Alberta. (2000). Schedule 7.1 Health Services Restricted Activities in Government Organization Act. Edmonton: Alberta Queen’s Printer.
- Government of Alberta (2002). Health Professions Act, Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists Profession Regulation. Edmonton: Alberta Queen’s Printer.
Assessment refers to “the rehabilitation process for gathering in-depth information to identify the individual’s strengths and needs related to body function, body structure, activity and participation, to understand the individual’s goals and then to determine appropriate services and interventions based on these. It is initiated when there are questions about a client’s needs and how best to meet these needs. It includes both formal and informal measures ranging from administering standardized assessment tools to observing a client in a specific setting or listening to family concerns”.
**Current Definition – Client refers to “an individual, family, substitute decision maker, group, agency, government, employer, employee, business, organization or community who is the direct or indirect recipient(s) of the regulated member’s expertise”.
**Definition pending approval – Client(s) refers to “a recipient of speech, language or audiology services, and may be an individual, family, group, community or population. Individual clients may also be referred to as patients”.
Competence/competent/competency refers to “the combined knowledge, skills, attitudes and judgment required to provide professional services”.
Quality services refers to “services in the health care system as measured by accessibility, acceptability, appropriateness, efficiency, effectiveness, and safety factors”.
Regulated member refers to “an individual who is registered with ACSLPA in any of the categories of membership prescribed in Regulation and in the ACSLPA Bylaws”.
Restricted activities refer to “procedures or services that pose significant risk and require a high level of professional competence to be performed safely. Restricted activities may only be performed by persons authorized by their regulatory College to do so”.
Restricted activities for SLPs include to:
- Insert air or gas under pressure into the ear canal,
- Insert or remove instruments or devices beyond the point in the nasal passages where they normally narrow,
- Insert or remove instruments or devices beyond the pharynx,
- Insert or remove instruments or devices into an artificial opening into the body, and
- Administer diagnostic imaging contrast agents.
Restricted activities for audiologists include to:
- Insert air or gas under pressure into the ear canal,
- Insert or remove instruments, devices, fingers or hands beyond the cartilaginous portion of the ear canal, and
- Insert a substance that subsequently solidifies into the ear canal.
Support Personnel (SP) refers to “individuals who, following academic and/or on-the-job training, perform activities that are assigned and supervised by a speech-language pathologist or audiologist registered with ACSLPA. Individuals functioning as SP may have a variety of working titles. This excludes teachers, volunteers, students training in speech-language pathology and audiology, and family members”.
Supervision refers to “a dynamic and evolving process involving the oversight of another’s work (e.g., support personnel, students training in speech-language pathology or audiology). Regardless of the relationship, the purpose of supervision is to help ensure the delivery of competent, safe, and ethical speech-language and audiology services. The SLP or audiologist is responsible and accountable for services delivered by supervisees under their direction and supervision. This involves ensuring that they are assigning tasks to unregulated support personnel and to speech-language pathology and audiology students appropriately and providing adequate supervision, as required. As part of the supervision process, the supervisee remains responsible and accountable for their own actions.
Direct supervision refers to “the supervising SLP or audiologist being physically present within the environment or virtually present via real-time videoconferencing. The SLP or audiologist observes the SP carry out the assigned activity and can provide immediate feedback, redirection, and modeling as necessary.
Indirect supervision refers to “the supervising SLP or audiologist not being physically or virtually present when an assigned activity is being carried out. The SLP or audiologist monitors and evaluates the supervisee’s performance of assigned activities by reviewing audio/video recordings, written records, and/or through discussions with the supervisee, clients, family, caregivers, team members, and/or employers.